METHODOLOGICAL AND DIDACTIC POSITIONS OF THE TAI-JITSU AND THE PERSONAL DEFENCE
Regional Academy of Personal Defense of the Community of Madrid
I NATIONAL CONGRESS OF PERSONAL DEFENCE
SEMINAR: MARTIAL ARTS - PERSONAL DEFENCE
TAI - J I T S U (F.E.K.)
Author: Joaquín Muñiz González.
Co-author: Pedro Elías Mones Iglesias

NOTE: bibliography is included

METHODOLOGICAL AND DIDACTIC POSITIONS OF THE TAI-JITSU AND THE PERSONAL DEFENCE
Personal Defence represents for the man the return to its roots recovering a series of basic and decisive motive experiences in the group of the human survival.

This work is a pedagogic proposal because in the practical training a simple but important system of experiences will be carried out; it will be tackled with a global and cognitive point of view. In the practical training a practical progressive method of the multiple motive practices which are generated in the learning sessions is shown; that is - training of the situations of Personal Defence.

Situations of valuation of possibilities and circumstances are presented, between two beings faced in a duel whose final purpose is to reduce overcome and beat the opponent.

The Tai-Jitsu shows situations where the participants should settle technical, tactical, physical, psychological and environmental hazards, using the strong aspects and hiding and protecting the weak ones with the purpose of taking by surprise the opponent; this is the duel of techniques and strength and the ability to evaluate each situation that is produced, efficiently, where their biggest pedagogic value resides. It is an irreplaceable motive experience in the development of the capacities and fighting abilities which every human being has as a way of survival. Every student will be endowed with a great motive autonomy that will allow him to deal with any situation, and to carry out any technical, combination, which will be developed and trained in its entirety.

In the Tai-Jitsu principles and motive schemes will be developed and applied positively to any situation of real attack, fulfilling and respecting the legal aspects of proportionality, which are basic for Personal Defence.

The subject of Personal Defence in the different Academies and Schools of Policemen and Security Corporations is incomplete nowadays, and it will be like that considering the number of hours and contents that they use al present. They will never be able to impart all the sports and fight activities that are utterly important and interesting to be treated in this subject. As a result, these and other abilities and skills are excluded because they are not included in the Curricular Design of the conventional Police Teaching.

AREAS OR ENVIRONMENTS OF THE EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
Cognitive: Think. Process of information,
Affective: Feel. Sensations produced by the situation.
Psycho-motive: Act. The motive schemes are produced.

Every person works as a single unit that feels thinks and acts. Therefore, in order to select, settle down and achieve the objectives in an effective way, the process by which the discipline of the movement and the purpose that is aimed must be combined.

The learning process must be merged with the purpose of itself to establish our teaching objectives.

In the educational environment thanks to the movement there are two big areas of contents, at least from a methodological point of view. On the one hand, the Motive Ability for the execution of the techniques. On the other hand, the physical condition on which the technical skills are sustained. The practice doesn't have to be analytic, in fact it will be for the most part bipolar, but this distinction is justified at a methodological level.

EDUCATIONAL GOALS OF THE TAI-JITSU AS PERSONAL DEFENCE.
AREA OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHYSICAL ABILITY

· Development of the motive perceptive capacity. Visual, auditory, tactile, kinestesic and cinestesic.

· Development of the abilities and basic skills which are characteristic of the fight activities and its combats. Actions of Personal Defence.

· Development of the capacity of use of the abilities and basic skills characteristic of the fight activities and its combats to situations more and more complex of changing environment and as application in personal defence.

· Development of the abilities and skills which are specific of Personal Defence, fights and combats as process adaptation and refinement of the basic abilities.

· Development of the capacity of efficient and creative use of the specific abilities in their context of real application.

· Development of the capacity to make up and apply well-known elements creating unique motive answers as a whole.

· Development of the capacity to apply each one of the abilities and specific skills to different situations or problems.

· Development of the capacity to apply several abilities and specific skills to one particular situation or problem.

AREA OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHYSICAL CONDITION
· Development of endurance.
· Development of flexibility.
· Development of speed.
· Development of strength.
· Development of balance.
· Development of coordination.
· Development of body-language quickness.

With the practice and training of the Tai-Jitsu or Personal Defence we will also develop other important functions, which indeed are frequently forgotten but should be mentioned:
1. Knowledge of oneself, of one's possibilities and of one's near environment. By means of the organization of one's sensory perception he/she takes conscience of the body and of the world that surrounds him or her.

2. A functional Anatomical function which improves and increases one's motive capacity in different situations of Personal Defence thanks to a technical and tactical work.

3. Communicative and sociable function, because as long as the person uses her/his body and body movement to make contacts.

4. Hygienic function, relative to the preservation and improvement of the health and the physical state, as well as to the prevention of certain diseases and defects.

5. Cathartic and hedonist function, because people through physical exercise are released from tensions, they re-establish their psychic balance, they carry out leisure activities, and thanks to it they enjoy their own movement and their body effectiveness.

6. Compensatory function, because movement adjusts the restrictions of the environment and the habitual lack of exercise of the current society; in short, to satisfy the Human potential of development:
· Increase of the physiologic efficiency.
· Increase of the cardio-respiratory efficiency.
· Increase of the mechanical efficiency.
· Psychic balance.
· Pleasure for movement.

Finally, each individual can find a personal meaning and a particular application taking into account his morphological and physical characteristics. In short, we want to adapt the technical repertoire of Tai-Jitsu like an external regulation but keeping in mind the internal conditions and the personal factors that affect us. Therefore, what we try is to adapt the Tai-Jitsu to each one of us and not the other way round, something that would be biologically and physiologically impossible.

Joaquín Muñiz González
C.N. 5º Dan. National Trainer
National Director of Tai-Jitsu




BIBLIOGRAPHY
- Cechini Estrada, J. Antonio. (1989)."El Judo y su razón kinantropológica". Gijón. Editores.
- Diem, Car. (1966)."Historia de los Deportes". Barcelona. Editor Luis de Carlat.
- Gil Roales-Nieto, Jesús y Delgado Noguera, Miguel A.(1994)."Psicología y Pedagogía De La Actividad Física y El Deporte". Madrid. Siglo veintiuno de España editores.
- Hernaez, Roland. (1978)." LE TAI-JITSU" París. Sedirep.
- Hernaez, Roland. (1994)."LE TAI-JITSU MODERNE" París. Editions C.I.G.
- Kano, Jigoro (1989)."Judo Kodokan". Madrid. Editorial Eyras.
- Kendall Blanchard y Alyce Cheska. 1986. "Antropología del Deporte". Barcelona. Ediciones Bella Terra. S.A.
- Muñiz González, Joaquín.(1996)."Apuntes del curso de Entrenadores. F.A.K."Oviedo. Federación Asturiana de Karate
- Muñiz González, Joaquín. (1995)."Análisis integral del Tai-Jitsu" C.E.S.-C.O.E. Madrid
- Muñiz González, Joaquín. (1997)."Trabajo de Compilación e Investigación de Fin del Máster en Alto Rendimiento Deportivo". Centro de Estudios Superiores. C.O.E.. Madrid.
- Muñiz González, Joaquín. (1995-96 a 98-99) "Seminarios de Tai-Jitsu. Técnica y Táctica". Oviedo. Área de Deportes de la Universidad de Oviedo
- Muñiz González, Joaquín.(1999)."Ponencia del I Congreso Internacional de K. y D.A.". Oviedo. Federación Asturiana de Karate.
- Muñiz González, Joaquín.(1999)."Tesina para Quinto DAN de Tai-Jitsu. F.E.K."Madrid. Federación Española de Karate
- Oliva Seba, Antonio. (1981)."Enciclopedia De Las Artes Marciales" Madrid. Ediciones Nueva Lente.
-Ratti, Oscar y Westbrook, Adele. (1994)."Los secretos del samurai". Madrid. Alianza.
- Ruiz Pérez, L. Miguel. (1995). "Competencia motriz" Madrid. Gymnos.
- Sánchez Bañuelos, Fernando. (1989)."Bases para una Didáctica de la Educación Física y el Deporte". Madrid. Editorial Gymnos.